More and more resistant germs in clinics


Not only the United States is affected by an increasing number of antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are spreading more and more. Just a few days ago, the US Department of Disease Control reported that 23,000 Americans die each year from infections with antibiotic-resistant bacteria. But how is the situation in this country? What is the risk of getting infected in a hospital? Obviously not to be underestimated, because here too the number of resistant bacteria has increased significantly in recent years.

23,000 deaths annually in the USA An increasing number of dangerous bacteria, which can hardly or no longer be controlled with antibiotics, are becoming an ever greater problem. In the United States alone, 23,000 Americans die each year from infections with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which means that the number of people infected is now more than two million.

Greens in the Bundestag make a request to the Federal Ministry of Health The United States is not alone in dealing with this problem, however, because germs are spreading in local hospitals that only partially or no longer react to antibiotics. This result emerges from a list of the Federal Ministry of Health, which comes from a response to a request from the Greens in the Bundestag faction and is available according to "Spiegel Online" from the news agency "dpa". In it, the deputy chairwoman of the parliamentary group of the Greens, Bärbel Höhn, asked the question, "Which finds of carbapenem resistance, to the knowledge of the Federal Government, were reported in German hospitals and animal fattening establishments in the individual years 2008 to 2013" and at which locations these had occurred.

Increase by 50 to 200 percent According to this, the proportion of germs that are partially or completely resistant to all broad-spectrum antibiotics, measured by all examined germs, "increased by 50 to 200 percent" in the last five years - depending on which Bacteria it was. The proportion of the little or insensitive germs was - depending on the species - between 0.04 and 17.9 percent. For example, the number of cases of the pathogen Escherichia coli (E. coli) was 55 in 2012, compared to only 16 two years earlier. An equally significant increase was recorded according to the documents of the Federal Ministry of Health for "Acinetobacter baumannii" (250 compared to 217 in 2010) and "Pseudomonas aeruginosa" - here the number of cases was 3888 compared to 2722 two years earlier. In Hesse alone, the opinion of the Federal Ministry “31 Acinetobacter baumannii and 32 Klebsiella spp. reported with carbapenem resistance ”.

Figures come from "Antibiotic Resist Surveillance"
The corresponding data had been sent directly to the Federal Ministry of Health by clinics as part of a control project on antibiotic resistance (“Antibiotic Resist Surveillance”). According to State Secretary Annette Widmann-Mauz (CDU), however, "due to the changing number of participants [.], A comparison of the absolute numbers between the years is not permitted." For example, while only 150 clinics participated in 2008, there were already 284 in 2013 .

Has politics failed to fight antibiotic resistance?
In view of the rise in dangerous germs, there was clear criticism from the responsible Green MP Friedrich Ostendorff of the work of Federal Minister Daniel Bahr (FDP) and Ilse Aigner (CSU). The fight against antibiotic resistance had failed, "the rapid development of resistance is another warning signal," the politician told dpa. Politicians had to be responsible for ensuring that general examinations of dangerous bacteria were carried out before every hospital admission, so Ostendorff's demand.

Research into new antibiotics needs to be improved The health spokesman for the CDU / CSU parliamentary group Jens Spahn disagrees. In his view, the government would have "[... started the fight against hospital germs more actively than ever in the past four years." To this end, reporting requirements had been expanded and rapid tests had been standardized in many clinics “Hygiene specialists” were financed and the federal states also had to tighten their hygiene regulations, Spahn told dpa. However, according to the politician, it is not enough: “What we still have to improve is the research into new antibiotics. We want to protect patients as best we can from unnecessary infections. ”(No)

Image: Dieter Schütz / pixelio.de

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