In the case of a stroke, those affected are getting younger and younger



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More and more young people have a stroke

According to estimates by the experts from the Center for Stroke Research at the Charité in Berlin, around 270,000 people in Germany suffer a stroke every year. Almost 70,000 patients do not survive the incident, according to the Federal Statistical Office. A stroke can be prevented in many cases. Hypertension, smoking, obesity, high cholesterol, lack of physical activity and previous illnesses such as diabetes are the main risk factors for stroke.

Stroke can often be prevented by a healthy lifestyle Almost every stroke has a history and could have been prevented by appropriate prevention, according to a public health initiative of the Austrian Medical Association (ÖAK). “There are ways to defend yourself by minimizing the risk factors. Hypertension, obesity, smoking, high cholesterol and a lack of exercise are all lifestyle factors that can be changed, "emphasizes ÖAK President Artur Wechselberger. Many stroke patients even have more than one of these risk factors. Other patients have irregular heartbeats or atrial fibrillation that cause blood clots and cause a stroke. "No matter how good medicines we develop - if the patients don't take them, they won't work. The crux is that patients don't feel anything when they have high blood pressure or high cholesterol - so they often don't see why they should take a drug, "reports Professor Herbert Watzke, President of the Austrian Society for Internal Medicine. Patients who have had a stroke before are the most cooperative because they want to prevent another at all costs.

The fastest possible medical help for stroke is imperative Karl Max Einhäupl, neurologist and chairman of the foundation council of Deutsche Stroke-Hilfe, reports that stroke is the third most common cause of late acquired disabilities in adulthood. The likelihood of a complete recovery - without the affected person having any lasting mental or physical consequences - increases significantly with the speed until he receives medical care. It is therefore particularly important that the typical symptoms of a stroke and the decisive measures for first aid are known.

Three questions that laypeople can use can be helpful to identify a stroke. First, it can be checked whether the person concerned can shape his mouth into an even smile. Second, it tests whether the patient can hold both arms evenly with the palms of their hands. Finally, the person concerned should repeat a simple sentence. If the three tests are negative, the stroke is 95 percent and the patient has to go to the hospital immediately, reports Einhäupl. But even if the result is not clear, it is advisable to call the emergency doctor.

Stroke affects more women under 30 and men more than 30 more According to experts, around 80 percent of stroke patients are over 60 years old. The World Health Organization (WHO) predicts a major increase in first stroke of 36 percent for EU countries by 2025 (from 1.1 million in 2000 to 1.5 million by 2025).

Experts see the development of the so-called “juvenile strokes”, which occur in people between the ages of 18 and 50, particularly dramatically. In this age group, the numbers also increase significantly and currently make up about eight percent of all strokes. While more women are affected in the 18- to 30-year-olds, more than 30 men suffer a stroke. The most common cause is an unhealthy lifestyle.

There are various therapies for the treatment of strokes. In the case of blood clots that lead to blockage of the blood vessels, infusion with anticoagulant drugs that dissolve the clot is used. Brain bleeding, on the other hand, usually requires coagulation-promoting medicines. Treatment in so-called stroke units, which specialize in the treatment of strokes, is considered to be particularly good and comprehensive. The patients are looked after intensively by a team of neurologists, cardiologists, neurosurgeons and vascular surgeons as well as radiologists. However, there are currently only 229 clinics in Germany that have a stroke unit. (ag)

Also read:
Simple questions about stroke diagnosis
Passive smoking increases the risk of stroke
More and more children are suffering from a stroke
Olive oil reduces the risk of stroke
Mediterranean cuisine lowers the risk of heart attack
Lack of sleep promotes stroke and heart attack

Image: Gerd Altmann / pixelio.de

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Video: Strokes Striking the Young


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