Coffee Day: The healthy drink

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Coffee Day: We are celebrating the Germans' favorite healthy drink.
(09/24/2010) Today is the "Coffee Day" - a good reason to sit back and enjoy a cup of the favorite drink of the Germans. A nation of beer drinkers - that was once. Today, coffee is by far the number one drink in Germany. There is a suitable preparation method for every taste and occasion.

On average, Germans drink almost four cups of coffee a day. We not only appreciate the taste but especially in the morning hours the invigorating and concentration-promoting effect. Who hasn't sat at work completely sleepy and felt the urgent need for a cup of coffee? And also in the afternoon, the popular hot drink is also served with “coffee and cake”, as the name suggests.

In the past, however, coffee enjoyment was sometimes highly controversial. It was not without reason that Carl Gottlieb Hering (1766–1853) composed the well-known canon “C-a-f-f-e-e, do not drink so much coffee!” Around 200 years ago, which warns of the negative consequences of coffee consumption. Some doctors still believe that coffee is harmful to health because it increases insulin levels, blood pressure and blood sugar, removes water from the body and damages the entire cardiovascular system. However, new studies show that a large number of the negative effects cannot be scientifically proven and, on the contrary, coffee can also have a positive effect on the organism.

"Various studies have concluded that the risk of diabetes is lowest for people who drink up to seven cups of coffee a day," explains Prof. Dr. Stephan Martin from the West German Diabetes Center in Düsseldorf. So the risk is a type II diabetes for men who drink more than six cups of coffee a day, reduced by about 50 percent, for women who drink a lot of coffee by about 30 percent, and Prof. Jürgen Vormann, head of the Institute for Prevention and Nutrition (IPEV) in Ismaning adds: "A recent Finnish study has observed the coffee consumption of middle-aged people over many years. The researchers found that coffee drinkers became demented less frequently than coffee abstainers. People who drank between three and five cups a day reduced the risk of developing Alzheimer's dementia by 65 percent. "The stimulating, mood-lifting and circulation-enhancing effects are already well known and need no further explanation here. But Coffee consumption, for example, also reduces the risk of heart attacks, diabetes, colon and kidney cancer, dementia and Parkinson's, will delight most coffee drinkers and make the daily dose seem a little more necessary.

According to legend, coffee was discovered as a drink in Ethiopia as early as the ninth century. At that time a shepherd from the city of Kaffa is said to have noticed how part of his herd of goats happily roamed the night after the animals had eaten the cherry-like fruits of the coffee tree. The shepherd consulted the local monks, who examined the tropical plant and observed the same invigorating effect after consumption. The coffee bean probably subsequently came to Arabia through slave traders in the 14th century and began its worldwide triumphal march with the expansion of the Ottoman Empire. From the 15th century, coffee was widely used as a hot beverage in Persia and the Ottoman Empire and, despite some interim ban on coffeehouses and consumption in the 17th century, reached Europe.

By the end of the 18th century, coffee was already one of the most widespread crops in the tropics and has since developed into one of the most important commodities in the world as consumption has increased. By the time the coffee ends up in our cup, it has come a long way. The ripening phase of the coffee plant alone can take up to a year, depending on the variety. Afterwards, the beans have to be separated from the pulp and toasted at around 200 degrees in order to develop their typical aroma. In order to obtain the taste desired for your product, the coffee manufacturers mix the different coffees of different types (e.g. Arabica, Robusta), origin and quality in the final fine-tuning step.

The original Ethiopian method of preparation and coffee tradition, with roasting the beans in an iron pan, then coarse grinding and boiling the ground coffee with about 90 degrees hot water and sugar in the so-called Jabana (bulbous clay jug) has been expanded to this day by countless variations. Espresso, cappuccino, latte macchiato, frappuccino and mocha are common in the coffeeshops worldwide. With the fully automatic coffee machines, the fresh grinding and brewing of a wide variety of coffee varieties within your own four walls has increased significantly. It is no wonder that every German now drinks an average of around 150 liters of coffee a year.

With increasing consumption in Europe, however, the question of cultivation conditions and the situation of plantation workers also increased. Fair trade coffee is becoming increasingly popular, as many people in industrialized countries are trying to fulfill their social responsibility in connection with coffee consumption. Many coffee shops today only offer "fairly" traded coffee. Anyone who would like to know more about coffee and would like to take part in one of the special campaigns on the occasion of the “Coffee Day” can find all the information they need at (fp)

Also read:
Is coffee healthy?
Coffee does not cause cardiac arrhythmias
Study: coffee and tea are good for the heart
Fear of coffee

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